The term southeast asia gained currency- after the world war ii for a vast region situated east of the indian subcontinent and south of china that includes a sprawling territory of peninsulas, bays and islands, occupying the southeastern corner of the asiatic continent. Epidemiological studies confirm the special vulnerability of women, especially married women, in south asia (johnson & johnson, 2001) high rates of domestic violence (jejeebhoy, 1998) female illiteracy, malnutrition, anemia and maternal mortality are major public health problems (buckshee, 1997. Two out of five girls are married as children in south asia and central and west africa most of these girls are poor, less-educated, and living in rural areas abuses associated with child marriage. In the south asian context, early childbearing is strongly linked to early marriage using dhs data produced by godha et al, figure 6 shows that early marriage is strongly associated with a lower likelihood of accessing adequate ante-natal and delivery care ( 39 , 43 . Early marriage affects millions of children through the world it is widely practiced in the countries of south asia where every year millions of girls-preteens and teens- become the wives of older men.
Over half the world's population lives in the asia-pacific region in 2005, asia hosted 53 million out of the world's 191 million migrants according to the united nations department of economic and social affairs. Marriage in asia 26 april 2013 to ultra-low levels because there is almost no childbearing outside marriage yet in other parts of asia, especially in south asia, it is not the failure of people to marry that is of concern but the persistence of high levels of teenage marriage, much of it occurring below the legal minimum age. Universal and early marriage were characteristic of almost all of asia, 2 but child marriage (a high proportion of girls marrying before their 16 th birthday), while very common in south asia, was not common in southeast or east asia, with the exception of some of the malay populations of. The review of faith & international affairs, 13 (3): 48–58 [google scholar] ) in this article, the objective is to provide useful information for such dialogue by documenting what is known about the economic impacts of child marriage on the girls who marry early, their children, and their families.
Early marriage and forced marriage is most common in sub-saharan africa where 38% of girls become child brides among girls growing up in south asia, 30% experience early marriage, compared with 25% in latin america and the caribbean. Despite legislation forbidding child marriage in india (child marriage restraint act-1929) and the much more progressive prohibition of child marriage act (2006) and many initiatives to prevent child marriage, marrying children off at a very tender age continues to be accepted by large sections of society. The the causes, consequences and solutions to causes, consequences and solutions tocauses, consequences and solutions to forced forced forced child marriage child marriage child marriage and in south asia, where one-half to three-fourths of girls are married before age 18 niger, mali and chad have the highest rates and s clark 2004. Indian society and ways of living differences between north india and south india are particularly significant, especially in systems of kinship and marriage indian society is multifaceted to an extent perhaps unknown in any other of the world’s great civilizations—it is more like an area as varied as europe than any other single.
Child marriage is particularly pervasive across south asia and africa, where 50-70 percent of girls in some countries are married before the age of 18 (unicef, 2009) child marriage, a form of early and forced alliance, is steeped in harmful traditional norms and practices. Bangladesh has one of the highest rates of child marriage in the world and estimates suggest 74% are married below the age of 18 years1 from a health perspective, child marriage results in pregnancy and childbirth complications, and other adverse health consequences on young women and their newborns. Arranged marriage is a type of marital union where the bride and groom are selected by individuals other than the couple themselves, particularly family members, such as the parentsdepending on culture, a professional matchmaker may be used arranged marriages have historically been prominent in many cultures the practice remains common in many regions, notably south asia, though in many.
The south asia initiative to end violence against children (saievac) adopted a regional action plan to end child marriage in august 2014 this plan sees reforming legislation, improving access to services, empowering children, advocacy and monitoring to be important steps towards ending child marriage. Governments in south asia have an absolute legal obligation to eliminate child marriage yet in 2010, for example, 46 percent of women aged 20-24 reported being married before the age of 18. Despite the fact that the idea of romantic love is depicted and celebrated in indian media, bollywood and folklore, the truth is that arranged, early and forced marriages are traditional in south. Child, early, and forced marriage: united states government’s response two in five adolescent girls in south asia are married fighting child early forced marriage globally usaid is funding a study on effective community-based approaches to prevent child, early and forced marriage in haryana, india, usaid is funding the evaluation.
Keywords teenage pregnancy, factors, south asia, young people introduction teenage pregnancy is a public health concern both in developed and developing world [1,2,3]globally 15 million women under the age of 20 give birth, representing up to one-fifth of all births  and 529,000 women die due to pregnancy and child birth related complication every year [. The indian subcontinent forms an inverted triangle extending from the snow-bound himalayan ranges of asia toward the equator known also as south asia, the area includes the countries of india, pakistan, bangladesh, sri lanka, nepal, and bhutan artistically, the tibetan highlands also form part of the region. Early marriages are most common in kyrgyzstan, where 3 percent of women ages 15 to 19 were married before the age of 15, and 212 percent of women ages 20 to 24 were. Essay according to the hindu view, there are four goals of life on earth, and each human being should aspire to all four everyone should aim for dharma , or righteous living artha , or wealth acquired through the pursuit of a profession kama , or human and sexual love and, finally, moksha , or spiritual salvation.